The general architectural design concept can be developed from the perspectives of “safety, economy, application, beauty, environmental protection, and sustainable development”.
But specific to different types of buildings, they must highlight their individuality and have their own architectural design concepts. For example, a museum can be “people-oriented, cultural relics-oriented, and serving the society.” For example, there is also an architectural design for the restoration of ancient buildings. The process can be “repair the old as before and reappear brilliant.” etc.
Architectural design refers to the design to meet certain construction purposes (including people’s requirements for its use function and its visual experience). It makes specific material materials technically and economically feasible under the conditions Form products that can become aesthetic objects.
In a broad sense, it includes all related designs that form a building.
According to the design depth, there are architectural plan design, architectural preliminary design, and architectural construction drawing design.
According to the design content, there are architectural structural design, architectural physical design (building acoustic design, architectural optical design, architectural thermal design), building equipment design (building water supply and drainage design, building heating, ventilation, air conditioning design, building electrical design), etc.
In a narrow sense, it refers specifically to architectural design, preliminary design and construction drawing design.
As an important part of the construction industry, architectural design has produced companies specializing in architectural design, such as: SOM, KPF, Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Co., Ltd., and Tongji University Architectural Design Institute
Some famous designers at home and abroad: Saarinen, Mies, Wright, Tadao Ando, Paul Andrew, Koolhaas, Qi Kang, Zhang Jinqiu, etc.