1. Listen to the sound: Usually the easiest way to identify a load-bearing wall is to tap the wall with your hands. It is the light-body wall (non-load-bearing wall) that has a crisp echo, and the sound that is heard by hitting the load-bearing wall is basically a relatively dull sound.
Second, look at the thickness: Generally speaking, load-bearing walls are relatively thick, and 150mm thick partition walls are non-load-bearing walls. Generally, the thickness of the load-bearing wall of a newly built apartment is more than 300mm thick.
3. Identify the location: The outer wall and the wall shared with neighbors are all load-bearing walls. It is very dangerous to dig holes in this kind of wall, and most of the partition walls of the bathroom, storage room, kitchen and aisle in the home are non-load-bearing walls.
4. House structure: Generally speaking, all walls of a house with a brick-concrete structure are load-bearing walls; the walls inside a house with a frame structure are generally not load-bearing walls.
5. Housing grade: Generally, low- and medium-grade residential buildings and villas are of brick-concrete structure. The high-end ones have more frame structures.
Sixth, the material of the wall bricks: the general standard brick wall is a load-bearing wall, and the aerated brick is a non-load-bearing wall.
7. Distinguish according to the junction of beam and wall: Generally, the wall and beam are closely combined with the load-bearing wall; the method of oblique row of bricks is the non-load-bearing wall.
Walls can be divided into horizontal wall load-bearing walls, longitudinal wall load-bearing walls, vertical and horizontal walls mixed load-bearing and partial frame load-bearing.
1. Load-bearing transverse walls Transverse walls are mostly used in small space buildings.
2. The load on the upper part of the load-bearing wall of the longitudinal wall is borne by the longitudinal wall, that is, the floor and roof slabs are supported on the longitudinal wall, and the transverse wall is a non-load-bearing partition.
3. The load-bearing wall of vertical and horizontal walls is suitable for buildings that require flexible layout, such as exhibition halls.
4. Part of the frame load-bearing refers to the structure of the room with a large area, the outer wall and the inner column are combined to form a semi-frame load-bearing wall or the bottom layer is the frame load-bearing, the upper layer is the load-bearing wall, and beams and columns are used to replace part of the load-bearing wall structure. Residential.