“Horsehead wall” refers to the wall higher than the two gable roof. In Huizhou’s old buildings, in response to the dense fire and wind protection of the houses in the village, a “fire wall” above the roof was built on top of the two gables of the residence. Because it looks like a horse’s head. Therefore, it is called “Horsehead Wall”. The structure is layered layer by layer with the slope of the roof. The length of the slope is set as a number of files. Three-line eaves bricks are placed on the top of the wall, covered with small blue tiles, and a wind board (golden flower board) is installed on the top of each stack head.
There are various styles of “seat head” on it, including “magpie tail”, “printing bucket” and “sitting kiss”. “Magpie tail style” is to carve a brick resembling a magpie tail as the seat head. “Yindou style” refers to bricks with a pattern of “Tian” that are fired by a kiln, which resembles a square bucket. However, there are two methods of “sitting a bucket” and “pulling a bucket” in the treatment of the stamping bucket support. The “sitting-kissing” is a kiln-fired “kissing beast” component mounted on the seat head. Common animals such as chickens, fish and tengu. Its characteristic is that the gables on both sides are higher than the roof, and follow the slope of the roof to be stepped. Beautiful horse head wall. Flower-like decorations, such as exquisite Jingde porcelain, add a graceful charm to the south of the Yangtze River; the symmetrical structure up and down also enhances the beauty of rhythm.
The structure of the horse head wall is that it is layered layer by layer with the slope of the roof. The length of the slope is set as a number of files. The top of the wall is covered with three-line eaves bricks, covered with small blue tiles, and a wind board is installed at the top of each stacking head ( Golden Flower Board). There are various Su-like “zatou” (“horse head”) on it, including “magpie tail”, “printing bucket” and “sitting kiss”. “Magpie tail style” means to carve a brick that resembles a magpie tail as the seat head; “print bucket style” means a brick shaped like a square bucket with a pattern of “Tian” fired by a kiln, but in the treatment of the print bucket holder There are two methods of “sit fighting” and “chall fighting”; the “sitting kiss” is a kiln-fired “kissing beast” component placed on the seat head. Common beasts such as feeding chickens, fish, and tengu are common. There are also “golden seal style” or “chaohu style”, which shows the master’s pursuit of the ideal of “reading as an official”.
“Horsehead Wall” is also known as “fire wall”, as the name implies, it can seal fire and prevent fire. The ancient houses were mostly made of wood, and the houses were built densely (this is a Chinese custom), so once a fire occurs, it will spread like a forest fire, so a “fire wall” was designed. In villages where people live together, the density of residential buildings is relatively high, which is not conducive to fire prevention. The high horsehead wall can cut off the source of fire in the case of a fire in adjacent residential buildings. Therefore, the horse head wall is also called the fire wall.