Russia has many cities since Kievan Rus. Kiev, Novgorod, Puskov, Chernigov, Polotsk, Smolensk, Vladimir, etc., are the oldest cities in Russia. They were in the 10th-11th centuries. Has reached a considerable scale.
With the development of industry and technology, since the second half of the 19th century, there have been more and more multi-storey buildings with metal structures. At this time, the trend of integrating various styles occupied a major position in architecture. The Russian-Byzantine style initiated by Katorn is an eclectic style. He received official support and designed the Moscow Kremlin (18391849), the Kremlin’s Armory (18441851) and other buildings. At the same time, there has also been a trend of building houses in cities and towns imitating ancient Russian folk architecture. Many wooden private villas have been built in towns. Most of them are small in size, but there are also large buildings, such as the Marfino Manor in the suburbs of Moscow. The group (architect Bekowski), the monastery on the island of Varam in Lake Ladoga (architect Gornostaev). Some architects (such as Galtman) decorate buildings with folk embroidery and woodcut patterns, which are more Russian than ancient Russian architecture. At the beginning of the 19th century and the early 20th century, modernist architectural styles began to appear in Russia. They used reinforced cement technology to design the building shapes, balconies, ladders, cornices, etc. in strange shapes, different styles of windows, paintings on the glass, and interior wall panels. Painted with colorful paintings, the whole design gives the impression of highlighting individuality and freedom. Shekhtyli is a representative of Russian modernist architecture. He reconstructed the Moscow Art Theatre (1902) in this style, designed and built the original Ryabszynsky Mansion and Yaroslavsky on Kachalov Street in Moscow. Railway station (1902).
Russian style design Russian style design Russian style design is mostly based on concise colors and calm keynotes. While emphasizing rationality and calmness, it also adds a little surprising creativity to configure it, which is described by the movie “This Killer Is Not So Cold” Its style is most suitable. The overall characteristics are lightness, gorgeousness, exquisiteness and delicateness. The interior decoration is tall, slender, and asymmetrical. It uses frequently changing shapes and directions, such as C or volute-shaped curves and arcs, and often uses large mirrors for decoration, using garlands, bouquets, bows and arrows, and shell patterns. Make good use of gold and ivory, the colors are bright, soft, light but luxurious and rich. The interior decoration is elegant in shape, and the craftsmanship, structure, and lines are tactful and soft to create a relaxed, bright and friendly space environment. Russian style design is based on light beige, and the ground and large masses are divided into a strong contrast between dark walnut and dark colors. Dark suede sofas and walnut furniture are selected to highlight the texture. The decorations are matched with natural post-modern natural furnishings to set off the humane and elegant atmosphere of the space. The overall space feels calm and elegant. Because of being in the Northland and rich in wood resources, the Russians have a special liking for wood, even in restaurants. The birch floor and solid wood dining room tables and chairs all feel so close and gentle. The overall feeling is concise and there is a touch of warmth. Although it does not look much different from the Chinese style, it feels like this is Russian style.
According to historical records, the Russian people lived around the forest for the first time. Their ancestors used materials for generations to build their homes. The wood resources are inexhaustible, forming a traditional wooden-based structural architectural style. After accepting Christianity at the end of the 10th century, stone buildings began to appear under the influence of religion, but they were mostly used in public buildings. The main purpose of this form of stone construction is to rely on gods to create a solemn, elegant, great and noble atmosphere, and to give believers a sense of reverence. The appearance is elegant and generous, tall and wide, and the top is matched with a number of semicircular top covers standing upright. In that era of polytheism, for ordinary people, there was indeed a certain feeling that God surpassed everything. However, people have discovered several characteristics of traditional Russian architecture: architectural techniques developed from wooden structures, such as hierarchical stacked structures and large inclined tent-style spires, as well as derived folk-relief on the outer walls; independent tower-shaped structure The tall and magnificent style is still carried forward in stone buildings. The Spsky Clock Tower of the Mlin Palace was built in the 14th century and is a masterpiece of this style. It is 67.3 meters high, square in plan, and stone-built. Originally used for defense, it was changed to a gun tower in 1491. The first clock was installed in the 16th century, reporting the time every 15 minutes; the spire was built in the 17th century, and a 6-meter-diameter red crystal stone and agate stone five-pointed star were installed on the spire in 1937, each weighing 1 ton. Since each star is mounted on a bearing, when the wind blows, the five-pointed star rotates with the wind. During the day, the five-pointed star is shining with gold on all sides under the brilliant sun; at night, the electric light in the five-pointed star illuminates the ruby, like a dazzling night pearl. For many years, it was often regarded as a symbol of Moscow. The style must be sharp at rallies. The style was the peak in the 1950s of the former Soviet Union. There are many explanations for the slender golden spires and five-pointed stars formed during the Stalin era. One is that this architectural style fully demonstrates the idea of centralization and the revitalization of the country at that time; the second is that it makes people feel the spirit of the times of a socialist industrial power; the third is that the tower-shaped structure has a solid foundation and the outer wall is attached to the marble foyer. The chandeliers are magnificent. The side buildings on the sides or four corners are relatively short. The main building in the center is tall and the top is a thin spire. It is the typical style of Russian architecture. St. Basil’s Cathedral is contrary to the custom in the past that traditional cathedrals were built in the castles of grand dukes or emperors. Instead, it is close to the outer wall of the Kremlin so that every Russian can approach it. In terms of expression style, the church has become a symbol of Russia’s strict class system and centralized rule with Moscow as the center. The most attractive part of St. Basil’s Cathedral is the nine onion-shaped domes on the top. This dome is very similar in shape to Islam and shows the influence of Oriental Byzantine architectural style. It is now a branch of the National Museum of History, as an architectural artifact for people to visit.
Russia has many cities since Kievan Rus. Kiev, Novgorod, Puskov, Chernigov, Polotsk, Smolensk, Vladimir, etc., are the oldest cities in Russia. They were in the 10th-11th centuries. Has reached a considerable scale. At that time, Kiev had 8 markets and many churches; Novgorod had wooden streets and wooden water pipes. With the development of the economy and the increase in contacts with Byzantium, more and more Russian buildings, mainly large buildings, are built of stone. The grandfather of Kievan Rus Olga built for herself a huge two-story stone palace, decorated with marble, colored slate and paintings on the inside and outside, and remains in ruins. An official residence built in the 12th century on the outskirts of Vladimir City (owned by Duke Andrei Bogorius), with white stone and marble buildings inside.